OPM security lags years after breach
- By Ben Berliner
The Government Accountability Office says the Office of Personnel Management still has work to do on securing its IT systems.
GAO's assessment acknowledges OPM's extensive efforts after the 2015 hack that affected some 21.5 million people, but a new report cites a number of hurdles the agency has yet to clear.
After the hack, the U.S. Computer Emergency Readiness Team made 19 recommendations on strengthening security related to passwords, permissions, encryption and patches.
Since then, GAO reported, OPM has successfully implemented 11 of the recommendations but failed to update its plan of action and milestones required by the Office of Management and Budget, making it difficult for cybersecurity efforts at OPM to establish accountability.
The report also criticized the lag time before OPM began to address the recommendations. "OPM has limited assurance that the actions taken have effectively mitigated vulnerabilities that can expose its systems to cybersecurity incidents," the report stated.
The report indicated that OPM made progress implementing information security policies and practices associated with selected governmentwide initiatives and requirements. However, GAO noted that many tasks were not finalized, nor did OPM "fully implement all of the requirements."
One example was a failure to encrypt data stored on one system, and another was failure to encrypt data in transit on a different system.
In reply his comments, OPM CIO Dave DeVries pushed back on some of this criticism, saying that GAO "does not fully acknowledge OPM's 'defense in depth' strategy and compensating controls.
Earlier in July, an IG report took OPM to task, critiquing its IT authorization process, warning of a "material weakness."
The news comes as the Trump administration faces the prospect of naming a permanent director for the personnel agency. Nominee George Nesterczuk, withdrew his nomination on July 31, without having received a confirmation hearing.